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  • 04 The Justice System
  • Aspects of Crime and Punishment
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Aspects of Crime and Punishment

This chapter explains the difference between a crime and an offence, the difference between criminal and civil wrongs and which court will hear a matter. Also considered here are the rights of a person charged and the process, procedure and outcomes of court.

What is Crime?

Crime is illegal activity that is prohibited by the law. A crime is often called an ‘offence’. Some people wear shirts that say ‘it’s only illegal if you get caught’. This is untrue. Any activity prohibited by statute or the common law is illegal whether you are caught or not. This is like saying...

Who is an offender?

Most crimes are committed by males between the ages of 15 and 25. Some offences are more prevalent among certain classes. For example, older, white males most often commit corporate offences, just as men commit most crimes of interpersonal violence from lower socio-economic classes. This doesn’t ...

Crimes vs Civil Wrongs

In broad terms, crime involves community condemnation and punishment through the State (either State or Commonwealth), while a civil wrong is a wrong against an individual that calls for compensation or repayment to the person wronged. If a person takes money from someone’s bag without their perm...

Which Court?

Most criminal matters in Tasmania are dealt with in the Magistrates Court. Matters dealt with in the Magistrates Court range from speeding offences to crimes of dishonesty such as aggravated burglary and stealing where the property involved is less than $5,000. Some matters cannot be heard in the...

Fundamental Legal Rights

Basic rights either derived from the common law or contained in legislation are as set out below. Rights of a Defendant in a Trial by Judge and Jury A person to be tried on indictment in the Supreme Court has the right to disclosure. Disclosure involves the prosecution giving copies of written ...

Hearing a charge against you: Magistrates

The minimum requirement before a person can become a magistrate is to be a qualified legal practitioner of at least five years standing. Most magistrates, in reality, are much more experienced than the five year minimum. Magistrates can also hear some matters contained in the Criminal Code, for e...

Guilty / Not Guilty

The question of ‘guilty or not guilty?’ is decided on the basis of a case being proved beyond reasonable doubt. If a magistrate (in the Magistrates Court) or jury (in the Supreme Court) is not satisfied that the prosecution has proved its case beyond reasonable doubt, the proper verdict is not gu...

Conviction

When a person is found guilty of a crime or an offence both the Supreme Court and Magistrates Court have the following powers. The court may: Record a conviction and order that the defendant serve a term of imprisonment; or Record a conviction and order that the defendant serve a term...

Sentencing

Factors relevant to sentence are many and varied and include but are not limited to the following considerations: prior criminal history; age; circumstances of the offence and motive for the commission of the offence; background and personal circumstances of the offender; prospec...

Page last updated 29/07/2019

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